ABOUT THE PROJECT
Air pollution is an important issue in today's society, and people living in large cities are most vulnerable. Despite the fact that air quality has improved significantly compared to the previous century, especially thanks to the introduction of pollution control installations in fossil fuel boilers, there is still a lot to be done. Recently, serious concerns have been raised about marine pollution that is currently using low-quality diesel fuels. As a result, R&D projects have largely focused on creating cost-effective technology that can remove high-performance gases.
Marine engine exhaust gas can contain nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide and steam, as well as nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, various hydrocarbons and complex solids. Sea transport usually uses heavy fuel oil (HFO) with a high sulfur content, which naturally leads to three main formations of pollution from shipping: nitrogen oxides (NOX), sulfur oxides (SOX) and particulates (PM). About 15% of global NOX emissions and 5-8% of SOX emissions account for ocean-going vessels. Therefore, it is necessary to use a gas purification method before releasing them into the atmosphere.
According to the British "The Guardian", container carriers can be the biggest polluters in the world. According to the scientists who took
a closer look at these ships and what they are releasing, container ships are responsible for the emission of significant amounts of cancer-causing substances that cause cancer or are responsible for asthma. One large container ship produces as many poisonous compounds per year as 50 million cars. Fuel consumed by90 thousand commercial vessels sailing around the world, in turn, contain 2,000 times more sulfur than diesel fueled in cars. Specialists have meticulously analyzed the technical specifications of the ships, actually the size of their engines and the quality of the fuel they are refueling. The latest cars that travel 15,000 kilometers annually emit 101 grams of sulfur oxides at that time. The world's largest marine engines can emit up to 5,200 tons of sulfur oxides during a 280-day cruise.
Biopolinex, as a member of the consortium, actively participates in the project, the result of which is to be a new, high-performance flue gas treatment installation. The new hybrid technology is based on the concept of combining two methods of flue gas treatment: electron beam (EB) and improved scrubbing in the so-called scrubber. This hybrid technology has enormous potential, with which there are hopes for solving the emerging problems of the maritime industry, although this technology still requires research. Considering all its advantages, compared to other available methods, hybrid technology can become a promising and economical option in the future maritime market. The project implemented under the ARIES consortium is multidisciplinary and multi-industry, involving a team of important stakeholders, as indicated below.
The international consortium consists of:
1. Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology – INCT (Warsaw, Poland)
2. The European Organization for Nuclear Research – CERN (Geneva, Switzerland)
3. Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology – FEP (Dresden, Germany)
4. The University of Huddersfield, Accelerator Applications Group – UH (Huddersfield, UK).
5. ebeam Technologies Europe – ebeam (Flamatt, Switzerland)
6. Remontowa Marine Design – Remontowa (Gdansk, Poland)
7. Milgravja Tehnoloģiskais Parks – Riga Ship Yard – RKB (Riga, Latvia)
8. BIOPOLINEX Sp. z o.o. (Lublin, Poland)
The project is supported by:
1. Italian Coast Guard – ITCG (Genova, Italy)
2. American Bureau of Shipping – ABS (Houston, USA)
3. DNV GL (Oslo, Norway)
The new hybrid technology, which combines an electron beam with reduced-size wet scrubbing methods, can respond to the reduction of emissions in the shipping industry. It includes two main stages:
1) SO2 and NOx oxidation during irradiation of wet gases with an electron beam from accelerator
2) absorption of contaminated products in aqueous solution.
This concept aims to increase the benefits and minimize the limitations of each technology and achieve the simultaneous removal of both contaminants (low removal efficiency when cleaning flue gases with high SO2 and NOx concentration, using only EB and low NOx removal efficiency at absorption, etc.). Organic pollutants (VOC, PAH) can also be destroyed in the plasma formed in the EB reaction. As a scrubbing solution, salt water is used, easily available to the marine industry, with the addition of an oxidant of limited concentration for leaching combustion products.
The last meeting of the working team took place on 7-8 May 2019, which was attended by representatives of the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, CERN, the Fraunhofer FEP Institute, Remontowa Marine Design, MilgravjaTehnoloģiskais Parks - Riga Ship Yard and Biopolinex.
"Development of a hybrid system using the fast electron accelerator to purify the exhaust gas in diesel engines used in marine vessels."
Biopolinex Sp. z o. o. is a company whose activities are related to energy efficiency, rational use of energy in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, and investments in renewable energy sources
Firma Biopolinex zarejestrowana jest w Krajowym Rejestrze Sądowym pod numerem 0000345851;
REGON: 060566982; NIP: 9462595328; kapitał zakładowy: 100 000,00 PLN opłacony w całości.